Emotional-Expressive Vocabulary Through the Prism of Gender Research (on the Material of Spanish Fiction Texts)

  • Anastasiia V. Tomko Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Julia V. Andriichenko Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Keywords: emotions, fiction text, gender, gender stereotypes, communicative behavior, emotionally-expressive vocabulary.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the description of gender specifics of the use of emotionallyexpressive vocabulary in a literary text on the basis of communicative behavior of a female
character and a male character. The article provides an overview of the history of gender research in linguistics and gender differences in language behavior. The definition of the
concept of "emotionally expressive vocabulary" is also considered. The purpose of the study is to try to describe the use of emotionally expressive vocabulary depending on the gender of the speaker. Definitions such as "gender", "emotional vocabulary" and "expressive vocabulary" are given.
Gender stereotypes of femininity and masculinity, the social roles of women and men, their pattern of behavior, as well as the asymmetry of social relations between men and
women are reflected in their communicative behavior. Thus, stereotypes of female and male behavior affect the features of emotional communicative behavior.
The main content of the theory of linguist R. Lakoff, the theory of dominance of B. Thorne and D. Cameron, D. Tannen are outlined. The study allowed us to state that
communicative behavior in men and women has characteristic differences, in particular the means of its expression. The main differences in gender communication are identified,
namely: conversation, status positions, sphere of communication, etc.
Thus, emotionally expressive vocabulary is characteristic of both male and female speech. However, the means of its actualization differ. Emotionality in women is diverse
(epithets, metaphors, exclamations, suffixes), and this can be explained by the fact that women's speech is more emotionally represented, while men's speech is less emotionally rich.

Author Biographies

Anastasiia V. Tomko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Master`s student of Romance Philology Department

Julia V. Andriichenko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

DSc (Philology), Professor of Romance Philology Department

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Published
2021-06-23